Riemannian geometry for data analysis: illustration on blind source separation and low-rank structured covariance matrices

Florent Bouchard (L2S — CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, CentraleSupélec)
November 27, 2020 — 11:00 — Location: Online


In this presentation, Riemannian geometry for data analysis is introduced. In particular, it is applied on two specific statistical signal processing problems: blind source separation and low-rank structured covariance matrices. Blind source separation can be solved by jointly diagonalizing some covariance matrices. We show here how geometry can be exploited in order to provide original joint diagonalization criteria and ways to compare them theoretically. These results are illustrated with numerical experiments both on simulated and real data. Concerning low-rank structured covariance matrices, an intrinsic Cramér-Rao bound of the corresponding estimation problem is presented, illustrating the interest of geometry for performance analysis. These results are validated with simulations.